The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an island nation located in The Pacific Islands, with Manila as its capital city. The Philippine Archipelago comprises 7,107 islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The country reflects diverse indigenous Austronesian cultures from its many islands, as well as European and American influence from Spain, Latin America and the United States.
Filipinos are mostly of Austronesian descent. Some Filipinos are partly of American, Spanish, Chinese and Arab ancestry.
300,000 sq km (115,831 sq miles).
78,580,000 (official estimate 2002).
261.9 per sq km.
Manila. Population: 1,581,082 (2000).
The Philippines lie off the southeast coast of Asia between Taiwan and Borneo in the Pacific Ocean and South China Sea. They are composed of 7107 islands and islets (7108 at low tide), 2773 of which are named. The two largest islands, Luzon in the north and Mindanao in the south, account for 65 per cent of the total land area and contain 60 per cent of the countrys population. Between the two lie the Visayas Islands.
Filipino, based on Tagalog, is the national language. English is widely spoken, Spanish less so. There are over 111 cultural and racial groups, each with its own language or dialect; in 1990 there were 988 recorded languages.